12 February 2013 — Western Australian continues to record the fastest population growth rate of all states and territories, 3.3 per cent, according to the latest demographic figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, that will have an impact on planning for a more sustainable development industry.

Tasmania recorded the slowest growth rate at 0.2 per cent.

The figures, which cover from 30 June 2011 to 30 June 2012 and were released in December last year, found that Australia’s population increased to 22,683,600, up by 359,600 during the 12-month period.

This places the annual population growth rate for the year ended 30 June 2012 at 1.6 per cent, up from a low of 1.1 per cent for the year ending March 2011.

The Bureau says the growth of Australia’s population has two components: natural increase (the number of births minus the number of deaths) and net overseas migration.

Net overseas migration was 208,300 for the year, compared with 170,300 in the year to 30 June 2011.

“The contribution to population growth for the year ended 30 June 2012 was higher for net overseas migration, 58 per cent, than for natural increase, 42 per cent,” the Bureau found.

Population at end Jun qtr 2012

Change over previous year

Change over previous year

PRELIMINARY DATA

‘000

‘000

%

New South Wales

­­­­­7,290.3

78.9

1.1

Victoria

5,623.5

89.0

1.6

Queensland

4,560.1

86.0

1.9

South Australia

1,654.8

16.5

1.0

Western Australia

2,430.3

78.0

3.3

Tasmania

512.0

0.8

0.2

Northern Territory

234.8

3.5

1.5

Australian Capital Territory

374.7

6.9

1.9

Australia(a)

22 683.6

359.6

1.6

(a) Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics

All states and territories recorded positive population growth.

Meanwhile, in international terms, for the 12-month period, Australia’s population growth rate of 1.2 per cent was above that of the world, 1.1 per cent.

“Australia is growing at a faster rate than many countries including New Zealand and Viet Nam, both 1.1 per cent, Indonesia, Hong Kong and Canada, all 1 per cent, United States of America, 0.9 per cent, Sweden and South Africa, both 0.7 per cent, the United Kingdom, 0.6 per cent, France and China, both 0.5 per cent, Italy and Republic of Korea, both 0.4 per cent and Greece, 0.3 per cent. Japan experienced neutral growth.

“Five countries that experienced faster growth than Australia were India, 1.4 per cent, Malaysia, 1.6 per cent, the Philippines, 1.7 per cent, Singapore, 2 per cent and Papua New Guinea, 2.3 per cent.”

The Bureau said according to United Nations’ figures, Australia’s population ranked 52nd in 2011 and was projected to rank 59th by 2050.

And by 2050, India is projected to have displaced China as the most populous country with 1.69 billion people compared with 1.30 billion in China.